Fire safety in railway vehicles

Fire safety in railway vehicles is defined in the EN 45545 series of standards, with the aim of protecting passengers and on-board staff in the event of a fire on board the vehicle.

The protection of passengers and crew is primarily based on measures to:

prevent fires due to technical defects, and due to equipment or vehicle design (Part 1, Part 4, Part 5, and Part 7 *)
minimise the possibility of ignition of materials installed in railway vehicles due to accidents or vandalism (Part 1, Part 2)
detect a fire if it occurs (Part 6)
limit the spread of fire by specifying materials according to their operational categories (Part 2) and measures to contain it (Part 3)
minimise the effects of fire in terms of heat, smoke, and toxic gases on passengers and staff by specifying the materials installed in rail vehicles (Part 2)
control and manage a fire, e.g., by means of fire detection, suppression and/or emergency power cut-off (Part 6)

* Part(s) of the EN 45545 series of standards concerned

The ultimate objective in the event of an on-board fire is to enable passengers and on-board staff to evacuate the railway vehicle and reach a safe area.

Your projects
are our Concerns.

CERIB’s Fire Testing Centre assists you in validating the performance of your new products in terms of both fire resistance and reaction to fire within the framework of a one-stop centre for reaction/resistance in partnership with Eurailtest. Thus, we propose:

to carry out fire reaction tests to obtain the classifications:
– R1 to R26 according to part 2 of the EN 45545 series of standards covering:
– interior materials and components (R1 to R5, R7, R10, R 22).
– externally placed products (R1, R7 to R9, R17, R23).
– furniture (R1, R6, R18 to R21).
– electrotechnical equipment (R7, R11 to R16, R22 to R26).
– mechanical equipment (R9, R22, R23).
– F, I, C1 and C2 according to NF F 16-101 and NF F 16-102 standards covering non-metallic materials used in railway vehicles and electrical equipment.
– Euroclasses B1ca, B2ca, Cca, Dca and Eca according to NF EN 13501-6 standard covering electrical cables.

to carry out fire resistance tests according to part 3 of the EN 45545 series of standards on fire barriers:
– Fire resistance testing of partition walls (EN 1364-1).
– Fire resistance testing of ceilings or floors (NF EN 1364-2.
– Fire resistance testing of doors (NF EN 1634-1).

Accreditations.

The CERIB Fire Testing Centre is:
accredited by the French Ministry of the Interior to carry out fire resistance tests.
certified by COFRAC to carry out fire resistance tests according to several standards and in particular part 3 of the EN 45545 series of standards (Accreditation n°1-0001 – Scope available on cofrac.fr).

LEM (Eurailtest laboratory).

LEM is certified by the COFRAC for the testing of reaction to fire according to several standards and in particular part 2 of the EN 45545 series of standards (Accreditation n°1-1523 – Scope available on cofrac.fr).

Our other sectors of activity.

Buildings.

ICPE.

Tunnels.

Maritime.